Cybercriminality is defined as any crime involving the use of a computer or the Internet. This can be phishing, criminal harassment, fake offers, hacking for pleasure or hacking for financial gain. The scope of this article is limited to organized and unorganized organized crime syndicates, cyber terrorism, corporate cybercrime and state-sponsored.
They are people working alone or in small teams to commit cyber crimes such as phishing, cyber-hacking and hacking other computers or websites. It may also include an identity theft or a loss of property, such as email, servers, and so on.
In most cases, these criminals do not work solely for money. A successful crime allows them to feel good and powerful.
Some of them are not trained at all. These criminals download hack code on Dark Net and use it.
Some of this category have talent. They can, if they are not detected, create or join organized organized crime syndicates. We will talk about cybercrime unions in a moment.
Unorganized cybercrime resembles unorganized labor services: a little chaotic because it lacks rules. It is also called the unqualified sector of cybercrime because it requires little or no skills. As said before, everything is available on the darknet.
Unions, corporate-sponsored hacking, cyberterrorism and national sponsorship of cybercrime are the essence of this section.
Syndicates of cybercrime
The best example of a union would be "The Anonymous". They are an organized group of hackers who usually hack things to get their message across. This union is not as dangerous as I know. They simply help to get a message to those who matter.
Anonymous's motivation has been described as giving voice to those who are not heard and reacting to unanswered abuses such as racism and corruption, the group said.
There are unions that are not appointed in public; they are simply appointed by the security agencies. These are unions that associate cybercrime with other crimes such as drug sales and human trafficking via the Internet.
May or may not be sponsored by the state. Cyberterrorism is a widespread and even deadly fear. It can be defined as follows.
Cyberterrorism is the use of computers and the Internet to cause serious disruption or widespread fear in society.
These types of organizations (cyber-terrorist cells) disrupt the normal routine and can destroy essential services, make threats and seriously harm individuals. They somehow remove your data and ask for a ransom for returning them. You may have heard of ransomware. Cyber criminals lock you in and ask for ransom in Bitcoins or any other cryptocurrency to allow access to your computer.
There is news about the malware that resides in your firmware. In this case, you can not get rid of it simply by formatting and reinstalling the operating system. It's scary because malicious software is written on the flash ROM (Read Only Memory) and sticks to it. The only way to remove it is to flash and rewrite the firmware code without destroying your computer. This again requires professionals able to rewrite the firmware (ROM in most cases).
Organized Cybercrime – Crime Generated by Businesses and the State
I have cited above two examples of cyber-terrorism, which are not extreme cases. Extremely, a cybercriminal destroys properties such as your email and websites to cause a direct loss to the victim of the cyberattack.
Corporate Houses use pirates to ease competition with rivals. They hire talented hackers to break into their rivals' networks in order to get the information they want. It's all about knowing the plans of their rivals. An example would be a company hired by a hacker who would compete with his rival to find the details of a call for tenders in order to create a better one before submitting it. Most of them do not care if it's a hacking white hat or black, as long as the attempts bear fruit.
Cybercrime supported by the state
These are hackers who work for the government. They commit cyber crimes, but do not go to jail because they enjoy state immunity. They work for different governments. Most of their work is geared towards spying on important people.
They also attack websites in other countries and hack their servers for information. Everything is organized. The state hires hackers known for their skills. They then use these hackers to achieve their goal: legal or illegal.
An example of state-sponsored cybercrime could be the use of essential services from other countries. They can hack into the electricity department's network and cut down the entire network so that people stay off electricity for several days.
State-sponsored hackers may or may not work in the offices of the security agency. They could work on a basement condition order of their home or at Starbucks. They are paid when the company action is successful.
Summary: Cybercrime organized and unorganized
Let's quickly see what is covered in this article.
- Hackers may have high skills for not competing; different types of hacking code are available for sale on the darknet
- The amateur pirate does it mainly to feel powerful and to feel a quick reward; They do not target large entities like the FBI or other federal government websites.
- Some cybercrime unions use cybercrime methods to get their message across and to bring down the ideology of others.
- Cyber-terrorists are harmful to large-scale properties; Even as Trump met Kim in North Korea, Korean cybercrime unions continued to hack into banking websites and other websites offering essential services to create chaos. They claim to have been offended when Trump said "Kim is a rocket man" some time ago.
- Companies sponsor cybercrime to gain an advantage over their competitors
- Governments engage hackers to spy on citizens and countries; they can also force hackers to remove essential services such as electricity or water; they also sometimes commit a crime by entering the database of rival countries and letting it filter
The above explains organized and unorganized crime. If you want to talk about cybercrime, please comment below.